Ref No

Q/AT

Quarter Sessions (Administration): Transportation of felons

Comprising: Q/AT/1/1-19 transportation to America


The files in Q/AR chiefly consist of "conviction certificates", contracts with exporters of convicts to America and exporters' bonds for the fulfilment of their contracts. Q/AT does not include any records relating directly to transportations to Australia. (Many of the people named in the Calendars of Prisoners were sentenced to transportation to Australia, however - see Q/SP.)


The term "conviction certificates" has been used on the 19th century file labels to denote orders for transportation, which normally also appointed Justices of...

1720-1772

Q/AT/1

Transportation to America

 

1720-1772

Q/AT/1/1

File consisting of orders for transportation (old number Box VIII 3)

The persons convicted were:- Thomas Ward, William Oliver, George and Jonathan Shaw, Joseph Siddon, Joseph Cooper, William Billing, Anthony Alsop, Sampson Martin, Edward and Samuel Rock and Francis Wood [1720]; Joseph Rodgers, John Gilbert, Thomas Alcock and Joseph Botham [1722]; Edward Harpur, Mary Maugham, Robert Garside and Thomas Gibbons [1724]; Christopher Eustis and Matthew Hooley [1725]; James Williamson [1726]; William West alias Varity and Thomas Hand [1726]; John Bothams and Matthew Blackburn (2) [1728]; William Billing [1728]; Miles Oddy, John Ward, Robert Bartholomew and Robert...

1720-1729

Q/AT/1/2

File consisting of note concerning transportation procedures and correspondence with Jonathan Forward of London the transporter, lists of felons and John Greatorex's account of costs for taking prisoners to Liverpool (old number Box VIII 6)

 

1720/1-1727

Q/AT/1/3

File consisting of contracts for transportation of felons made between justices of the peace and Jonathan Forward of Fenchurch Street, London, merchant in 1723, 1724, 1726 and 1728 and between the justices and George Walker of Stanthorne, Cheshire, yeoman 1729 (old number Box VIII 5)

 

1723-1729

Q/AT/1/4

File consisting of bonds

from Jonathan Forward as in Q/AT/1/3, 1723, 1724, 1726 and 1728, with Christopher Wetherall of London merchant 1728 and George Walker as in Q/AT/1/3 1729, to transport convicts to America and to obtain certificates of their landing. (old number Box VIII 4)

1723-1729

Q/AT/1/5

File consisting of orders for transportation (old number Box VIII 7)

The persons sentenced to transportation were:- John Williams, Benjamin Linnet and William Wall [1730]; John Whiatt, Elias Wheeldon, George Hamblett and Daniel Macklin [1732]; Edward Hides, William Cope and John Gaskin [1733]; Thomas Newton, Joseph Clay, John Beardsley, John Bassnett [1734]; Henry Toulson [1734]; Samuel Hibbord [1735]; Edward Bowdon [1735]; Theophilus Brockett, Daniel Young and Moses Chadwick [1737]; Everard Mabley, Catherine Hatton, George Croxall and Hannah Cater [1738]; John Moreton [1738]; Francis Attenborow and William Hetherley the elder [1738]

1730-1738

Q/AT/1/6

File consisting of contracts for transportation made between justices of the peace and Jonathan Forward of Fenchurch Street, London merchant 1730; George Walker of Stanthorne, Cheshire, yeoman 1733, Thomas Martin and George Tyrer both of Liverpool, 1734-1738 (Tyrer was described as merchant, also as alderman in 1736 and 1737, Martin generally as gent, once as merchant); William Pole of Liverpool merchant 1739 (old number Box VIII 8)

Most of the convicts named in Q/AT/1/5 are involved with, additionally:-

Thomas Mason (convicted by Quarter Sessions) 1735 John Hibbert, Robert Froggatt and James Wood, 1736 Mary Hanson alias Longden alias Wagstaffe (indicated as a vagrant at Quarter Sessions) 1736

John Hickinbottam, Robert Holbrook, John Foulk and William Fletcher 1739

1730-1739

Q/AT/1/7

File consisting of bonds

from Jonathan Forward as in Q/AT/1/6 and James Wright of Fenchurch Street, London 1730, George Walker and George Tyrer as in Q/AT/1/6 1733, Thomas Martin and George Tyrer as in Q/AT/1/6 1734-1738 and William Pole as in Q/AT/1/6 1739, to fulfil contracts to transport convicts and to obtain certificates of their landing (old number Box VIII 7)

 

Q/AT/1/8

File consisting of certificates of landing of convicts, many giving the ship's name, master and home port (old number Box VIII 10)

The convicts landed were:- Thomas Newton, Joseph Clay, John Beardsley and John ? Bassnell, in Maryland (1735); Edward Bowden in Maryland 1736; Henry Toulson in Maryland 1736; Samuel Hibbard in Maryland 1736; John Hall, John Charlsworth, William Revell, James Orme and Joseph Peach, in Antigua 1741; certificate 1742; John William Evans, Thomas Shaw, John Piece and Daniel France in Antigua 1743; James North, George Lowe, William Pemberton, William Anderson in Maryland, 1751

1735-1751

Q/AT/1/9

File consisting of orders for transportation (old number Box VIII 11)

The persons sentenced to transportation were:-

Samuel Gilbert and James Hill, Elizabeth Bear, Elizabeth Bell, Margaret Rudderford and William Jones [1740]; William Wheeldon, John Granger and Benoni Wheeldon [1741]; James Orme alias Riley, William Revill, Joseph Peach and John Hall [1741]; Daniel France and John Peace, Joseph Bonsall or Bonsor and Anne Willson [1742]; Robert Wild, Sarah wife of Richard Grey, William Slater and John Merryman [1743]; Thomas Nicholls [1743]; John Miller [1744]; Robert Ashmore and Elizabeth Wilkinson [1744]; John Briggs [1744]; Henry Storer and Thomas Momford...

1740-1747

Q/AT/1/10

File consisting of contracts for transportation of felons made between the justices of the peace and William Pole of Liverpool merchant 1740-1745, Jonathan Sydenham and Thomas Hodgson of London merchants 1747/8-1749 (old number Box VIII 12)

Most of the convicts named in Q/AT/1/8 are involved with, additionally:- John Charlesworth and Mary Ratcliffe indicted at Quarter Sessions 1741; John Harrison convicted Quarter Sessions 1744; Joseph Meere, contract for transportation 1749; Jervas Johnson, John Armstrong, Mary Hetherington alias Carrodice, Robert Harrison, John Malkin the younger and John Mackdonall, ordered to be transported 1748/9

1740-1749

Q/AT/1/11

File consisting of bonds from William Pole as in Q/AT/1/9 1740-1745 and Jonathan Sydenham and Thomas Hodgson as in Q/AT/1/9 1747/8-1749 to fulfil contracts to transport convicts and to obtain certificates of their landing (old number Box VIII 13)

 

 

Q/AT/1/12

File consisting of orders for transportation and lists of cases at Assizes (old number Box VIII 14)

The lists of Assize cases also include names of persons not sentenced to transportation

Persons sentenced to transportation were:- William Anderson (counterfeiting), James North and John Pemberton [1751], Mary Green and Ann Simpson (on list) [1751]; Thomas Bateman, Samuel Farnsworth (on list) [1752]; John Nash, John Rainer (on list) [1753]; William Massey [1753]; Richard Crosby [1754]; Daniel Parley [1755]; Richard Bayley or Beoley, Richard Snailam, Elizabeth Anderson [1756]; Thomas Radcliffe, Ralph Swan, Sarah Smith, John Wright and Martha Wright [1757]; John Gregory [1758]

1750-1758

Q/AT/1/13

File consisting of contracts for the transportation of felons made between the justices of the peace and Jonathan Sydenham and Thomas Hodgson of London merchants (old number Box VIII 15)

Most of the convicts named in Q/AT/1/11 are involved with, additionally:- Thomas Wood 1750; George Twelves, William Carnall and Samuel Peach, 1750; George Lowe (convicted by Quarter Sessions) 1751; Mark Morton, George Bradway and Thomas Hulley, 1754; James Heath, James Hall, Edward Cotton, Rebecca Palmer, Mary Tipper and Anthony Allcock, 1757; Peter Wood, William Flinders, Jonas Shelton, William Burton, George Adlington and Paul Hagg, 1758; Thomas Smith, Mary Ward and Mary Lauder (or Lander) 1759; Joseph Alsop alias George Taylor, John Headley, James Headley, Rebecca his wife and Mary Boam...

1750-1759

Q/AT/1/14

File consisting of bonds from Jonathan Sydenham and Thomas Hodgson as in Q/AT/1/12 to fulfil contracts to transport convicts and to obtain certificates of their landing (old number Box VIII 16)

 

1750-1759

Q/AT/1/15

File consisting of orders for the transportation of felons (old number Box VIII 17)

The persons sentenced to transportation were:- William Mellor, Elizabeth Harrison with memorandum that Mellor is not to be transported [1760]; Henry Storer (convicted by Quarter Sessions) 1764; William Hatton, Thomas Hodges, John Gorbet, William Hallis or Hollis and Jemmima Dowman [1764]

1760-1764

Q/AT/1/16

File consisting of contracts for the transportation of felons made between the justices of the peace and Jonathan Sydenham and Thomas Hodgson of London merchants 1760-1763; John Holloway of Mansell Street, London 1763; Jonathan Forward Sydenham of London merchant 1764-1769 (old number Box VIII 18)

In addition to those mentioned in Q/AT/1/15, the following were to be transported:- Thomas Jones alias Taylor, John Jones, William Needham, Hannah Handley, and Sarah Griffith 1760; Elizabeth Birchinald 1760; John Broadbent 1761; Henry Talbot alias Smith and Christopher Lewis alias Ratcliffe alias John Sneyd (false pretences) 1763; George Baxter (highway robbery), Joseph Blackden 1763; Joseph Blackden, 1763; James Bagnall, John Cheshire, Elizabeth Stone, Anne Ellott and Richard Chamberlain 1763; William Storer, Robert Rodes (both convicted by Quarter Sessions) Daniel Stevenson, Anthony...

1760-1769

Q/AT/1/17

File containing bonds from Jonathan Sydenham and Thomas Hodgson 1760-1763, John Holloway 1763 and Jonathan Forward Sydenham and John Doe both of London merchants 1764, and Jonathan Forward Sydenham 1764-1769 (all as described in Q/AT/1/16) to fulfil contracts to transport convicts and to obtain certificates of their landing (old number Box VIII 19)

 

1760-1769

Q/AT/1/18

File consisting of contracts for transportation of felons made between the justices of the peace and Jonathan Forward Sydenham of London merchant 1770 and Moses Israel Fonseca and Abraham Lopes Fernandes of London merchants 1771-1772 (old number Box VIII 20)

Persons to be transported were:- Joseph Smallwood and John Tugbey (both convicted by Quarter Sessions) 1770; Edward Arnold and John Akerline 1770; Thomas Williamson alias Meakin (convicted by Quarter Sessions) 1770; Matthew Hatherley and William Burnham (both convicted by Quarter Sessions) 1771; John Pritchet (convicted by Quarter Sessions) 1771; Thomas Taylor 1771; William Matchet (convicted by Quarter Sessions) 1772; Hannah Stafford and Francis Stokes 1772; Francis Roberts, James Bloor and John Bloor (all convicted by Quarter Sessions) 1772; Joseph Barker 1772

1770-1772

Q/AT/1/19

File consisting of bonds from Jonathan Forward Sydenham 1770 and from Moses Israel Fonseca and Abraham Lopes Fernandes 1771-1772 to fulfil contracts to transport felons and to obtain certificates of their landing (old number Box VIII 19)

 

1770-1772

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