|Repository||Derbyshire Record Office|
|Archive Reference / Library Class No.||D3155|
|Former Reference||DL 42 (Derby Local Studies Library)|
|Title||Wilmot-Horton family of Osmaston and Catton|
|Description||The estate papers include title deeds, rentals, accounts and plans for estates belonging to the Wilmot and Horton families in Catton, Walton on Trent, Rosliston, Coton, Weston on Trent, Aston on Trent, Shardlow, Stapenhill, Mickleover, Osmaston, Ockbrook/Derbyshire. Outcounty estates in Staffordshire (Barton under Needwood, Tatenhill, Rugeley and Audley), Nottinghamshire, Northamptonshire, Rutland, Leicestershire, Cheshire, Kent and Warwickshire and estates of related families such as the Eardleys and Buswell, are included. |
Manorial records include Barton under Needwood/Staffordshire 1414-1926, Audley/Staffordshire 1368-1576 and Birmingham/Warwickshire 1704-1734.
Correspondence with the steward at Osmaston 1739-1771 includes information on the rebuilding and redecoration of the house, planning and implementing the layout of gardens and parklands, and household administration including references to servants.
Other household records include eighteenth and nineteenth century medical recipes.
Both the Wilmot and the Horton families were involved to some degree in local politics and administration during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, as shown by records of collecting taxes and other levies.
The correspondence series are of particular importance:
- The correspondence of (Sir) Robert Wilmot (1708-1772) is arranged chronologically in volumes of incoming letters covering his work as Resident Secretary to twelve successive viceroys of Ireland (1737-1772) and as Secretary to the Lord Chamberlain (1758-1772). These include references to well-known artists such as David Garrick and Sir Joshua Reynolds. There is also correspondence 1756-1764 with the Dukes of Devonshire and Newcastle on political and other matters including the war in North America.
- From 1737 virtually all Irish government business passed through Wilmot's hands and he also inherited files which predate his tenure of office. From 1746 his counterpart at Dublin Castle, Thomas Waite, was a frequent and increasingly frank correspondent. The series includes many of Wilmot's letters to Waite which were returned at Wilmot's request. The correspondence is particularly important owing to the loss of the Chief Secretary's papers for the period as a result of the Four Courts explosion in Dublin in 1922.
- Sir Robert John Wilmot, later Wilmot-Horton (1784-1841) was an assiduous correspondent and was in contact by letter with most of the important political figures of the day including George and Stratford Canning, the 14th Earl of Derby, Lord Grenville, John Gladstone, Lord Goderich, William Huskisson, Lord Palmerston and Sir Robert Peel.
Wilmot-Horton's main interests were the problems of poverty and over-population and issues of political economy. Apparently much influenced by Malthus, he saw emigration as the main answer to these challenges. The relocation of surplus, chiefly pauper, populations from Britain and Ireland to the colonies of Australia and Canada was a considerable pre-occupation. Associated with this main interest were concern about reform of the poor law, taxes and currency, the management of Ireland, the Catholic question, slavery and the West Indies. Among his correspondents were Thomas Malthus, David Ricardo, William Nassau Senior, Maria Edgeworth, Robert Owen, Sydney Smith, Thomas Tooke, Robert Torrens, Sir Thomas Brisbane, Francis Forbes, John Galt and William Wilberforce.
There is some evidence of sorting and re-arrangement of Wilmot-Horton's correspondence in the 1830s or 1840s. The present sequence and numbering of the letters is largely artificial and inherited. Series of letters is largely artificial and inherited. Series of letters, described as bound volumes, are gathered in limp bindings with a general description of the contents on the front cover. The main series are:
1st series of bound volumes
Letters arranged in alphabetical sequence of correspondence relating to Sir Robert John Wilmot-Horton
series of bound volumes
Letters arranged by subject relating to Sir Robert John Wilmot-Horton
series of bound volumes
Letters on a variety of subjects many relating to Sir Robert John Wilmot-Horton but also to other members of the family in the mid-eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries
The Irish correspondence consists of volumes of incoming and outgoing letters arranged in chronological order relating to (Sir) Robert Wilmot as Resident Secretary to Viceroy of Ireland 1739-1772 and as (Deputy) Secretary to the Lord Chamberlain 1758-1772
There is also a sequence of individual letters c1630-1880 arranged in chronological order including family and local affairs, court gossip, the Jacobite rebellion of 1745-1746 and Ireland
SUMMARY LIST OF CONTENTS
D3155/WH 1-2740 Title deeds, estate and family papers:
D3155/WH 1-32 Derbyshire and Staffordshire deeds (see also D3155/WH 6329-7919)
D3155/WH 33-85 Audley Manor Court (Eardley family)
D3155/WH 86-98 Barton-under-Needwood Manor Court deeds
D3155/WH 99-863 Northamptonshire, Leicestershire and Rutland deeds (see also D3155/WH 7931)
D3155/WH 864-879 Title deeds, other counties
D3155/WH 880-1771 Barton-under-Needwood Manor Court papers (see also D3155/WH 7920-7930)
D3155/WH 1772-2014 Derbyshire and Staffordshire estate papers (see also D3155/WH 2196-2200)
D3155/WH 2015-2036 Leicestershire, Northamptonshire and general Wilmot accounts
D3155/WH 2037-2044 Manor of Birmingham
D3155/WH 2045-2081 Northamptonshire and Leicestershire estate papers
D3155/WH 2082-2112 Estate papers, other counties
D3155/WH 2113-2195 Buswell personal estate papers
D3155/WH 2196-2200 Weston-on-Trent estate papers (see also D3155/WH 1772-2014)
D3155/WH 2201-2214 General estate papers
D3155/WH 2215-2507 Personal estate papers
D3155/WH 2508-2701 Family and public office
D3155/WH 2702-2740 Miscellaneous papers
D3155/WH 2741-2903 Bound volumes of letters (1st series). Letters arranged in alphabetical sequence of correspondent in bound volumes. The letters all relate to Sir Robert John Wilmot Horton, Baronet (1784-1841) who was Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies 1821-1828 and Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Ceylon 1831-1837
D3155/WH 2904-2938 Bound volumes of letters (2nd series). Letters arranged by subject in bound volumes, relating to Sir Robert John Wilmot Horton, Baronet (1784-1841)
D3155/WH 2939-3083 Bound volumes of letters (3rd series). 117 bound volumes of letters on a variety of subjects, many concerning Sir Robert John Wilmot Horton, but also of two Sir Robert John Wilmots in the mid-eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries
D3155/WH 3084-3428 Loose letters and unsorted miscellaneous papers (1698-1898)
D3155/WH 3429-3475 Irish correspondence (1739-1770). Volumes of incoming letters arranged in chronological order covering the period Sir Robert Wilmot of Osmaston, 1st Baronet (c1709-1772) was Resident Secretary in London to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1740-1772, and Deputy Secretary to the Lord Chamberlain of the Household, 1758-1772
D3155/WH 3476-3673 Numbers not used
D3155/WH 3674-3941 Rentals for the Catton estate (1822-1956)
D3155/WH 3942-7919 Numbers not used
D3155/WH 7920-7930 Barton-under-Needwood Manor Court papers (see also D3155/WH 880-1771)(1636-1911)
D3155/WH 7931-7932 Miscellaneous deeds (17th century)
D3155/WH 6329-7919 `Derbyshire Deeds' series (1392-1912)
Title deeds and associated papers, predominantly relating to the Derbyshire and Staffordshire estates but also including deeds to properties in Yorkshire, Cheshire, Northamptonshire, Leicestershire, Birmingham, Suffolk, Somerset, Kent and London
D3155/C1-7115 Correspondence (c1630-1880)
Sequence of individual letters and some deeds arranged in chronological order
D3155/J1-CROXALL LXI Title deeds (1309-1508)
Deeds listed in Jeayes' Derbyshire Charters
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|Archive Creator||Wilmot-Horton family of Osmaston and Catton, Derbyshire|
|Wilmot family of Osmaston|
|Horton family of Catton|
|Administrative History||The Wilmot family may have been merchants in Derby until Robert bought property in Chaddesden and Osmaston in the early 17th century. There is possibly an earlier connection through the Babington family. The Osmaston estate was left to Robert Wilmot's second son, Nicholas, a serjeant at law who was knighted by Charles II in 1674. Nicholas' son Robert (1640-1722) served as Member of Parliament for Derby from 1690 to 1695.|
By 1696 Robert was living at Osmaston Hall. The house was entirely rebuilt about 1702 with several later additions and alterations to the house, gardens and parklands during the eighteenth century. Osmaston Hall remained the main residence for the family until they inherited Catton in 1823. Osmaston was then leased to the Fox family of Derby. In 1888 the house and estate were bought by the Midland Railway Company and used as an extension to their carriage and wagon works. The house later became a golf club house but was demolished in 1938. The remainder of the park was acquired by Derby City Council in 1946-1947 for an industrial estate
Robert's elder son, also Robert (died 1738), developed the estate which had grown through purchase and marriage with other gentry families. Both of the second Robert's sons became men of more than local importance.
The younger son (Sir) John Eardley Wilmot (1710-1792) was Chief Justice of Common Pleas from 1766 to 1771
The elder son (Sir) Robert Wilmot (1708-1772) became private secretary to William Cavendish, 3rd; Duke of Devonshire in about 1730. When Cavendish was appointed Viceroy of Ireland in 1737, Wilmot became the Viceroy's Deputy Resident Secretary in England. He was promoted to Resident Secretary in 1740, a post he held until his death, serving twelve successive Viceroys. In 1758, still with Devonshire patronage, he became Deputy Secretary, then Secretary, to the Lord Chamberlain of the Household, another post he held until his death.
Robert Wilmot had no children by his first marriage but, when his wife died in 1769, within two months he married his mistress who was the mother of his illegitimate children. When Wilmot was created a baronet in October 1772, he was granted a special remainder to allow his eldest son Robert to succeed to the baronetcy.
Robert Wilmot (1752-1834), the 2nd; baronet, married as his first wife the daughter of Admiral John Byron
Their son (Sir) Robert John Wilmot, later Wilmot-Horton (1784-1841), the 3rd; baronet, served as Member of Parliament for Newcastle under Lyme/Staffordshire from 1818 to 1830 and was Under Secretary of State for War and the Colonies 1821-1828 and Governor of Ceylon 1831-1837. In 1806 he married Anne Beatrix Horton, daughter of Eusebius Horton of Horton. Anne Beatrix is said to have inspired Lord Byron's verse: She walks in beauty like the night/Of cloudless climes and starry skies/And all that's best of dark and bright/Meet in her aspect and her eyes. Wilmot assumed the surname Wilmot-Horton in 1823 on the death of his father in law Eusebius Horton.
Sir Robert Edward Wilmot, later Wilmot-Horton (1808-1880), the 4th baronet, used the surname Wilmot from his father's death in 1842 to his mother's death in 1872 when he assumed the surname Wilmot-Horton. He was succeeded as the 5th baronet by his brother Revd Sir George Edward Wilmot-Horton (1825-1887) who also died without issue and was succeeded as the 6th baronet by his cousin Rodney Wilmot (1853-1931), the grandson of Robert the 2nd; baronet by his second wife. The baronetcy became extinct in 1931.
In about 1400 Roger Horton from a Cheshire family purchased property in Catton, which had previously belonged to the de Albini and St Amand families. The estate passed to Roger's son William and then to another son John. John's son Walter, his son and grandson held the estate through the sixteenth century.
In the next generations Christopher (1582-1659) and Walter his son (1628-1680) both served as Sheriff of Derbyshire. Walter's son Christopher and grandson Walter (1678-1716) do not appear to have been very active in local politics or in enlarging the estate
Walter's son Christopher brought into the family property of the Buswell family through his marriage to Frances, daughter of Eusebius Pelsant who took the surname Buswell through his mother. Christopher was also responsible for the building of Catton Hall in 1741-1742 on the site of an earlier house. Christopher and Frances' son Christopher died young with no surviving children. His widow Lady Ann (Luttrell) is said to have caused a scandal by her morganatic marriage to Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland, brother of George III.
The estate passed to Christopher's brother Eusebius, whose daughter Anne Beatrix in 1806 married Sir Robert John Wilmot. The Wilmots took the surname Wilmot-Horton on Eusebius' death in 1823 and moved to Catton as their main residence. On the death of the 5th baronet, Revd Sir George Wilmot-Horton, in 1887 the estate passed to his niece Mrs Anson whose descendants used the surname Anson-Horton. From them it passed to the Neilson family.
|Custodial History||The estate records of the Wilmot family of Osmaston, the Horton family of Catton and the Wilmot-Horton family of Catton and Osmaston, including estate records for properties acquired outside of Derbyshire by marriage, were eventually held together at Catton Hall. The records were deposited in Derby Local Studies Library in January 1959 and April 1971 by the family, and were purchased by Derbyshire County Council in 1987 with a grant from the National Heritage Memorial Fund. Further records were transferred from Derby Local Studies Library in March 2000 (Barton under Needwood manor court rolls, 17th cent).|
|Arrangement||The correspondence may have been re-arranged in the 1830s or 1840s. The records were sorted and numbered when on deposit in Derby Local Studies Library and this has been retained for the present|
|Organisation Sub-Type||Family and estate|
|RelatedMaterial||Photocopies of (Sir) Robert Wilmot's correspondence as Resident Secretary to the Viceroy of Ireland 1737-1772 are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland|
|Incoming letters K-Z of Sir Robert John Wilmot-Horton (1784-1841) early 19th cent, are held at Derbyshire Record Office (D4576)|
Papers with literary associations, especially those relating to Lord Byron, some family journals and albums of watercolour sketches, were specifically excluded from the sale to Derbyshire County Council and do not form part of the archive in Derbyshire Record Office
|Second Jacobite Rebellion (1745)|